How Much Does a Kidney Transplant Cost in Pakistan

How Much Does a Kidney Transplant Cost in Pakistan

A kidney transplant, also known as a renal transplant, is a major surgery in which a healthy kidney is placed in the body of the patient suffering from kidney failure. Most doctors recommend getting a kidney transplant if one or both kidneys are not functioning properly.

It is a complex procedure requiring thorough scrutiny of the donor. The donor can be an immediate family member who shares the same blood group as the patient.

It is extremely important for successful outcome that donor does not have any underlying disease, dialysis is an option for kidney failure patients but it is exhausting and time-consuming. According to research, kidney transplants are more cost-effective than dialysis in long term.

The legal formalities and laws for performing kidney transplants vary from country to country. In major hospitals, the ethics committee reviews and scrutinizes the donor if he or she is unrelated to the patient. Purpose of the review procedure is to ensure that no illegal organ donation is involved.

There are some costs involved before, during and after the surgery is performed. The patient and family are guided about the expected expenses, risks related to surgery, post-operative care and chances of transplant failures.

When to perform kidney transplant:

Kidney transplant is advised for patients with end-stage renal disease or stage 4 or stage 5 chronic kidney diseases. First, the functioning of the kidneys is checked to get a clear picture. This involves checking the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and creatinine levels. Transplant is advised if kidney functions are found to be less than optimal and cannot be supported through medical management.

Kidney Transplant vs. Dialysis

Patients who have chronic kidney disease are advised to go for dialysis once, twice, or thrice a week to flush out the waste from their kidneys. This procedure takes time and is often inconvenient for the patient.
Whereas kidney transplant provides life-long support after which there is no need for dialysis? It is cost-effective as when compared to dialysis, as patient has to pay for hospital bed charges every time the dialysis is performed. A kidney taken from a healthy close relative may last for up to 10 to 15 years.

Factors affecting the cost of kidney transplantation

There are a number of factors which may impact cost of kidney transplantation.

A series of tests

Kidney transplantation costs vary among patients depending on medical history, needs, and individual specifications. Even after the kidney transplant surgery, the patient must continue to receive dialysis for at least two weeks until the new kidney is fully integrated into recipient’s body functions. It also impacts total cost of transplantation. A series of blood tests are run for patient and donor to avoid complications during or after the surgery.

The cost of anti-rejection medication
If donor is unrelated, then recipient is given a higher dosage of anti-rejection medications and extra monitoring assistance to ensure success of the surgery. The cost of kidney transplantation may increase. Due to these medications,

Total hospitalization

The cost of the surgery increases according to the number of days the donor and recipient stay in the hospital Usually, the donor has to stay post-surgery for at least five days, and recipient is advised to stay in the hospital for at least 10 to 12 days, so.

Chance of Transplant rejection

There may be a higher chance of rejection with unrelated donors. This may also increase the overall cost of the treatment.

Preoperative costs

The pre-surgery costs involve:

• Physical examination
• A doctor’s consultation
• Recipient’s work-up
• Donor’s work-up
• Blood tests
• Dialysis
• Medications
• Documentation
• Preoperative preparation

Surgery costs

• Surgeon fee
Anesthesia charges
• Operation theater charges
• Medicines
• Laboratory test
• Hospital stay

Post-surgical costs

• Consultation charges
• Medicine
• Dialysis
• Management of complications, if any
• Follow-up

Patients’ chances of receiving a kidney transplant

Patients who need a kidney transplant must meet the following criteria:
• They must be healthy enough to withstand the procedure and after-effects of surgery.
• If the doctors are more than 90% satisfied and sure about the success of the surgery, only then the surgery must be performed
• The patient must comply with the follow-up treatments after surgery and must take immunosuppressant medicines post-surgery on the advice of the doctor

The kidney transplant procedure must not be performed if:

• The patient already has an infection in any organ of the body.
• Cancer or AIDS

How much does a kidney transplant cost in Pakistan?

The transplant cost varies across different hospitals in Pakistan. The surgery is performed in both public and private sector hospitals.

Shifa International Hospital is capable of providing best assistance for planning your kidney transplant surgery. Shifa International Hospital is a state-of-the-art hospital in Pakistan with a kidney transplant programs offerings excellent services and facilities to the patients. The program was started in 2001 and, so far has performed more than 600. The program has been designed to comply with all the international medical standards and practices. Transplant services include intensive care unit, diagnostic testing including radiology, pathology, operating rooms, blood banks, pharmacy to name a few. Shifa International Hospital has a team of experienced urologists performing complex surgeries with care.

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