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Common Types of General Surgery Procedures

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A person may undergo surgery to investigate or cure a pathological condition, such as an illness or injury, to help improve physical function or appearance, or to mend unwelcome ruptured portions. Surgery is a medical specialty. Surgery should only be suggested by your doctor if it is absolutely necessary, you have tried all other treatment choices, your pain is growing worse, and/or your illness is affecting your quality of life. The specific type of surgery that is performed will depend on the individual patient’s medical condition and needs.
Here are some of the most common types of general surgery procedures:
Appendectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the appendix, a small pouch-like organ that is attached to the large intestine. The appendix serves no clear purpose in the human body and is prone to infection, which can lead to a condition called appendicitis. If left untreated, appendicitis can be life-threatening, so an appendectomy is often necessary to remove the infected appendix.
The surgery is typically performed using general anesthesia and is done through a small incision in the right lower part of the abdomen. The appendix is then located and removed, and the incision is closed with sutures or surgical staples. The recovery time after an appendectomy varies depending on the individual, but most people are able to return to their normal activities within a few weeks.
In some cases, a laparoscopic appendectomy may be performed, which involves making several small incisions in the abdomen and using a camera and special instruments to remove the appendix. This method is less invasive than a traditional appendectomy and may result in a quicker recovery.

Breast Reconstruction Surgery
Mastectomy is one of the most effective treatment choices for breast cancer. Breast Cancer is still among the most prevalent cancers in the country.
The following procedures for breast reconstruction are performed.

Colectomy or colon sectioning, as they are known medically, focuses on removing all or part of your colon to treat or avoid hazardous medical issues. Our general surgeons frequently remove the colon in patients who have one of the following medical issues or are at risk for them:
GI Tract Obstructions
Cancer of the colon
Crohn’s illness
Ulcerative Colitis Diverticulitis
GI Tract Obstructions/ Surgery for gallbladders
Gallstones form in the gall bladder is a most commonly seen among females. It is commonly stated that 4F – fat, fertile, female of Forty” is at a higher risk for Gall Stones formation. These stones can cache use the gallbladder to become obstructed or inflamed. Up until the gallstones are broken up or the gallbladder is removed, the patient will endure increasing amounts of discomfort and worsened symptoms as the number of gallstones increases. Gall Bladder surgery known as Cholecystectomy, can be done as an open procedure or laparoscopically.
Gerd Surgery
Chronic acid reflux or heartburn is a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Usually, the lower esophageal sphincter is to blame for this (LES). The lower esophagus is shielded from stomach contents when the LES is working properly. Heartburn is a result of stomach acid backing up into the esophagus when it is not working properly.

Endocrine Surgery

Endocrine surgery is a subspecialty of surgery that deals with the surgical treatment of diseases related to the endocrine glands, such as the thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, and pituitary gland. The main aim of endocrine surgery is to remove diseased or abnormal tissue while preserving the normal endocrine function of the gland.
Endocrine surgery procedures can include total or partial removal of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy), removal of one or more parathyroid glands (parathyroidectomy), removal of adrenal tumors, pancreas resection for Insulinoma or other tumors, and pituitary gland surgery for tumors or other conditions.
Endocrine surgeons are highly trained specialists who use a combination of surgical skills and knowledge of endocrine physiology to provide effective treatment for endocrine disorders. The goal of endocrine surgery is to provide patients with the best possible outcome, including the preservation of normal endocrine function and the resolution of symptoms related to endocrine disorders.

Exploratory Laparotomy
An exploratory laparotomy can be performed by a general surgeon to determine the reason of abdominal pain in patients for whom there is no obvious cause. To allow the surgeon to plainly and intimately examine the patient’s organs, an incision is made in the center of the abdomen. The length of the belly is typically the length of the incision for a laparotomy, however, only one incision will be done.
A surgeon can also do an exploratory laparoscopy as an alternative. This minimally invasive treatment uses a laparoscope and tiny incisions to examine the interior organs. Compared to a laparotomy, recovery from this treatment typically takes substantially less time.

Surgery In Hernia
A hernia result when the lining surrounding and holding internal organs develops a small hole. When this happens, the organ close to the fascial hole will be forced through the tissue and result in a tiny bulge that is visible through the skin. The longer a hernia is left untreated, the more uncomfortable and problematic it becomes over time. Several surgical procedures exist to treat hernias. The internal organs are secured during traditional hernia surgery by suturing the abdominal wall. Transabdominal preperitoneal surgery (TAPP) is a technique used in laparoscopic groin hernia repair. During this surgery, the hernia is accessed and repaired using a laparoscope that is placed through the peritoneum and into the abdomen. Fully extraperitoneal groin hernia repair is another option.

Abdominal Surgery
General surgeons can do pancreas surgery to address diseases like pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, and benign pancreatic tumors. The Whipple technique, laparoscopic pancreas surgery, pancreatectomy, distal pancreatectomy, segmental pancreatectomy, and total pancreatectomy are just a few types of pancreas surgery. During your therapy’s testing and consultation phase, your surgeon will suggest the operation that will best treat your symptoms.

Heart surgery
Also known as cardiovascular surgery, is a medical procedure that is performed on the heart to treat various conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels. This can include repairing or replacing heart valves, correcting congenital heart defects, treating coronary artery disease by bypassing clogged arteries, removing blockages in the blood vessels leading to the heart, repairing or replacing damaged heart muscle or heart tissue, and implanting devices such as pacemakers or defibrillators to regulate heart rhythm. Heart surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia and typically requires a stay in the hospital for several days to several weeks, depending on the type and complexity of the procedure and the patient’s overall health.