Migraine Symptoms Causes and Treatment: A migraine is a headache that presents as severe throbbing pain or a pulsating sensation, usually on one side of the head. It may often be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last from hours to days. The pain severity interferes with our daily activities.
Migraine is a commonly experienced headache and can be extremely unbearable. In this blog post, we will discuss We will also some measures for preventing migraines.
Causes of Migraine
Migraine is caused by a number of genetic and social factors. Some of the most common migraine triggers are stress, lack of sleep, bright lights, loud noises, and some food and drinks. Certain foods such as chocolate, cheese, spicy food, and processed meats can also trigger migraine.
Some of the migraine triggers are:
- Drinks, like alcohol and caffeine
- Stress at work or in personal and professional life
- Hormonal changes in women during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause
- Lack of sleep or too much sleep
- Bright or flashy lights and loud sounds
- Strong smells such as perfumes, smoke, and paint
- Changes in weather
- Medicines like oral contraceptives
- Cheese and processed foods.
• Common symptoms include throbbing or pulsing pain on one side of the head; sensitivity to light, sound, and smells; nausea; and vomiting.
In some cases, people may also experience an aura which is symptoms before the onset of a migraine headache. These can include flashes of light, blind spots in your field of vision, tingling or numbness in your extremities.
A neurologist can diagnose migraines based on your symptoms, medical history, and a physical and neurological examination. If your headache is getting unusual or becoming severe, your doctor might recommend some tests to point out other reasons for your pain. These tests include
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) MRI scans are done by doctors to diagnose tumors, strokes, bleeding in the brain, infections, and other neurological conditions.
Computerized tomography (CT) scan A CT Scan helps doctors diagnose tumors, infections, brain damage, bleeding in the brain, and other possible issues that may similar to headaches.
Treatment of Migraine
Migraine headaches can be treated in a variety of ways. Some people find that over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen or acetaminophen are effective at relieving their symptoms. Others may need to take prescription medications, which help to constrict blood vessels in the head, or ergots, which help to improve blood flow. Additionally, many people find relief from migraine headaches through lifestyle changes like getting more sleep, reducing stress levels, and avoiding known triggers.
There are many medicines that are designed to treat migraines. These medications fall into two categories.
Pain-relieving medications. These types of drugs are taken only during migraine attacks to stop its severe symptoms.
These types of medicines are taken daily, to reduce the severity or occurrence of migraines. Preventive medications include Blood pressure-lowering medications, Antidepressants, Anti-seizure drugs, and Botox injections. Before taking these medications, consult your doctor if these are right for you or not and most important if you are pregnant.
Home remedies to treat migraines
When you feel symptoms of migraine, quickly go to a quiet, darkened room. Close your eyes and take a rest or sleep. Place a cool cloth or ice pack wrapped in a towel on your forehead and drink lots of water or green tea.
These health practices might also lower migraine pain:
Relaxation tricks and training help you deal with stressful situations that might help you reduce the pain during a migraine attack.
Develop a sleeping and eating routine:
Try to sleep on time as too much or too little sleep can trigger migraine. Follow the same sleeping and eating schedule every day.
Drink plenty of fluids: Drinking plenty of water might help lower the headaches.
Eat healthy food: Eating healthy foods that are also fresh can lower migraine.
Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can reduce tension and can help lower your migraine attacks. Some activities such as walking, swimming, and cycling are the best exercises to reduce weight and lower migraines.
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